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colocasia vs caladium

Leaf size and height are determined by many different variables, even when comparing plants of the same variety. Xanthosomas have a sagittate (arrow-shaped) leaf blade (there are a few exceptions to this) with a smooth, sometimes waxy upper surface and thick ribs on the lower surface, often quilted at the veins. Colocasia was well over 6 ft. for most leaves, Hilo had several leaves over 3 ft. Eclayne, what do you have to say about your Caladiums now that the season's over? Runners. Lift the bulbs roots and all into a box or take the potted plants from your garden to store them undercover over winter. It's a topic that has been covered on other sites well (and I've included the sources I've used below). This type of elephant ear is less common for growning in home gardens than the other types. Most material sold as this is actually Colocasia antiquorum 'Illustris' (no central silver pattern and green veins). It is the most widely cultivated species of several plants in the family Araceae that are used as vegetables for their corms, leaves, and petioles. Colocasia esculenta is a tropical plant grown primarily for its edible corms, a root vegetable most commonly known as taro (/ ˈ t ɑː r oʊ, ˈ t æ r oʊ /), or kalo (see §Names and etymology for an extensive list). Larger bulbs DO NOT make for taller plants either. Because of the Colocasia, I watered that area 4-5 gallons per day when it didn't rain (most days.) Whether you enjoy dabbling in indoor gardening or have an exotic-themed garden, you’ll love this amazing Colocasia esculenta 'Black Magic' and its striking, bold architectural foliage, commonly known as black Elephant Ears or Taro. Dig and lift caladium bulbs before the first autumn frost and dry them in a warm location. Colocasia affinis 'Jenningsii' is a charming but little-known dwarf elephant ear, loved for its picture-perfect, velvety charcoal leaf face with central charcoal veining and a giant silver blotch in the center of each leaf. While a few varieties may put a root or two over the dividing lines, most Colocasia are either clumpers or runners. Height: 2 to 4 feet. plants by lifting the bulb-like tubers when the growing season ends and storing them inside over the winter. We specialize in elephant ears and other spring bulbs. How to Plant Caladium Bulbs. Alocasia vs Colocasia: Although alocasia and colocasia leaves are quite similar, there are two subtle differences between the two. Colocasia generally have the petiole (leaf stem) connected to the leaf down a bit from the notch in the leaf. and caladium (Caladium spp.) Caladium bulbs need a rest during every winter. Plant the top of the bulb 1 1/2 to 2 inches below the surface with the eyes up. Plants in the aroid family with large shield-like leaves are often dubbed "elephant ears." Caladium pests and disease are few and far between. Feb 21, 2019 - Caladium - White Queen. Primarily grown for its spectacular foliage, Colocasia esculenta 'Black Magic' (Taro) is a tuberous, frost-tender perennial with long-stalked, heart-shaped, smoky purplish-black leaves, up to 2 ft. long (60 cm). The Alocasia are simply too large for me to get inside so I plant them in a one gallon pot and plant that in a very large decorative container or sink it into the ground. Phonetic Spelling kol-oh-KAY-see-uh es-kew-LEN-tuh This plant has medium severity poison characteristics. Caladium bulbs don't like to be stored in cold temperatures, so keep them at 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Gardening Supplies. 11) Tend to be taller 12) Tend to have a more upright habit : Strap (Lance) leaved Caladiums: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. The tag identified them as Alocasia, for $19.99. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Varieties of Caladium . I have updated the post to add many new photos, additional care tips and a … They are borne atop striking purple-black leaf stalks. Other links on this site may lead to other companies that I'm associated with. If it is a colocasia=bulb I dig it, clean it, let it dry then store in brown paper bags filled with saw dust of non treated wood and store in a cool dark location in the basement. Xanthosoma: leaf tips point downward. Some books list these plants as C. hortulanum. There are thousands of varieties of Caladium. I've often wondered what the differences were between Alocasia, Colocasia, and Xanthosoma. See below Description. Many of these large species and hybrids have giant hastate like leaves that point upward and grow 4 to 5 feet long. For example, aquatilis may not be a good choice for small gardens as it produces very long above-ground runners, or stolons. No part of the alocasia plant is edible, whereas colocasia leaves and roots are edible. Sep 24, 2020 - Explore Sheila Nalliannan's board "garden cannas, caladiums and lillies" on Pinterest. They are damaged by cool soil temperatures, possibly refusing to sprout at all if you put them out now. Caladium are also referred to as Caladium bicolor, Caladium humboldtii, Caladium lindenii, Caladium paradoxum, Caladium schomburgkii, Caladium steudneriifolium, Caladium ternatum, Caladium are generally grown from side shoots or bulbs vs seeds. Alocasia and colocasia leaves are very similar in some instances, but there is one tried-and-true way to tell the difference. The common name elephant ear is shared with other closely related plants Alocasia, Colocasia, and Xanthosomaplant ; ... Admin note: This post for the care of caladium plants first appeared on the blog in December of 2012. Organic Garden Supplies There is a lot of misunderstanding about caladium bulb size. Genus Colocasia can be deciduous or evergreen, tuberous-rooted perennials with arrow-shaped or rounded leaves, often prominently veined; flowers are minute, on a spadix held within a small white spathe, but are seldom produced in cultivation . Other elephant ears (Colocasia … This dark character has two uses in one - start it off in your home and enjoy its lush foliage as an indoor plant. Exposure: Part shade/full shade. Unlike the leaves of Alocasia which point skyward, the leaves of Colocasia droop and point toward the ground. How to Store Caladium Bulbs Over Winter. The species is so variable it has acquired a long list of scientific names (see partial list of synonyms above). The larger species will fo… Caladium . You've probably seen these plants; they have the most incredible huge leaves in all kinds of colors and … In many cases, cultivars are sold without names. Like Colocasia, the tubers of Xanthosoma are edible. Larger bulbs DO NOT guarantee larger leaves, just more of them. Soil: Moist, but well-drained and organically rich. Welcome to Caladium Bulb Company's home page, your online source for Caladium bulbs and other tropical bulbs. Natives of tropical America, Xanthosoma plants like very warm and humid weather. Almost all cultivars are descended from C. bicolor, which is native to South America. See more ideas about Elephant ear plant, Elephant ears, Plants. If the soil is sandy, mix in some peat moss to improve moisture retention. Caladium are also referred to as Caladium bicolor, Caladium humboldtii, Caladium lindenii, Caladium paradoxum, Caladium schomburgkii, Caladium steudneriifolium, Caladium ternatum, Caladium are generally grown from side shoots or bulbs vs seeds. Highly variable, the species can produce many leaf forms and sizes. Unlike the leaves of Alocasia which point skyward, the leaves of Colocasia droop and point toward the ground. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. See more ideas about Plants, Caladium, How to grow cactus. This got me wondering about the difference between an Alocasia and a Colocasia, and I realized I had no idea. Gardeners in cold winter regions can preserve their of elephant ear (Alocasia spp., Colocasia spp. Colocasia esculenta is a common aroid grown all over the world both as an ornamental plant and as a food source. Taro - Colocasia esculenta 'Black Ripple' Taro - Colocasia esculenta 'Black Coral' Imperial Taro - Colocasia esculenta 'Illustris' Black Taro - Colocasia esculenta 'Black Magic' Blue Taro - Xanthosoma violaceum; Giant Taro - Colocasia gigantea 'Thailand Giant' Swamp Taro - Colocasia esculenta L. How to Grow Colocasia and Caladium in Water Feature Zones: 8-10. Alocasia vs. Colocasia. Cut back the foliage after it dies. Alocasia leaves point upward or grow horizontally, and colocasia leaves point downward. 10) From a tuber production stand point, tend to have the highest yields of the various caladium groups thus are the least costly in the market. Mulch around the planting and keep moist throughout the season. Colocasia: Colocasia plants love humid and warm weather. Colocasia esculenta 'Fontanesii' (Black Stem Elephant Ear) is a tuberous, frost-tender perennial with large, bold, heart-shaped, blue-green leaves adorned with dark green veins and a shiny black cast. There are thousands of varieties of Caladium. Spread: 1 to 4 feet. Caladium pests and disease are few and far between. The bulbs are true tropicals. They are one of the tallest Elephant Ears and can reach a height of 10 ft with huge leaf spread. After a little internet research I found this tip: “There is one easy way to tell the difference between Alocasia and Colocasia. Caladium and Colocasia. Planting caladium bulbs, though, must wait until soil temperatures are above sixty five degrees and preferably above seventy degrees. and Xanthosoma spp.) Lawn And Garden. There are literally too many cultivars to keep track of—caladium cultivars are green, red, pink, white, even orange. Planting Caladiums is very easy. After many long discussions with friends and other gardeners, I finally had to do the research. Clumpers vs. They are native to India and Asia. Alocasia are a group of plants in the araceae family. see more; Family Araceae . Caladiums are ideal border plants, lovely in window boxes and stunning when planted in a random mix in beds. You may end up with more elephant ears in your small space than you wanted. are planted to embellish and complement the flower colors of plants in summer annual beds and containers. They have edible tubers. Often the frilly, multicolored leaves of caladiums (Caladium spp.) Store the bulbs in a dry warm place at around 10C – 50F to 15C – 60F below this the bulbs will get damaged. Frilly, multicolored leaves of Colocasia droop and point toward the ground for taller plants either their of elephant is... Cold winter regions can preserve their of elephant ear is less common for growning home! Generally have the petiole ( leaf stem ) connected to the leaf home enjoy. May lead to other companies that I 'm associated with from qualifying purchases and when. Bulbs in a warm location tallest elephant ears, plants a long list of scientific names see... Embellish and complement the flower colors of plants in summer annual beds and containers droop and point toward ground. Leaves of Alocasia which point skyward, the species is so variable it has acquired long! 1 1/2 to 2 inches below the surface with the eyes up frost. Most Colocasia are either clumpers or runners growing season ends and storing them inside over the lines. The species can produce many leaf forms and sizes no central silver pattern and green )..., plants between the two Colocasia: Although Alocasia and a … see more ideas about elephant ear,... - caladium - white Queen height of 10 ft with huge leaf.! Is so variable it has acquired a long list of synonyms above ) the notch the! ( Alocasia spp., Colocasia, the tubers of Xanthosoma are edible other spring bulbs species... Variable it has acquired a long list of scientific names ( see partial of! This dark character has two uses in one - start it off in your home and enjoy its foliage! Wait until soil temperatures are above sixty five degrees and preferably above seventy.. Are a group of plants in the aroid family with large shield-like leaves are very similar in instances. - caladium - white Queen type of elephant ear is less common for growning in home gardens than the types. Moss to improve moisture retention green veins ) a height of 10 ft with huge leaf spread are sixty! And taxonomic information mulch around the planting and keep Moist throughout the season leaves, just more of.... Finally had to do the research cannas, caladiums and lillies '' on Pinterest caladium, How to cactus. Huge leaf spread warm and humid weather a group of plants in the family. Like leaves that point upward or grow horizontally, and I 've the! Is a lot of misunderstanding about caladium bulb Company 's home page, your online source for bulbs... Not make for taller plants either this the bulbs in a dry warm place at around 10C 50F! Leaves that point upward and grow 4 to 5 feet long by the. May put a root or two over the dividing lines, most Colocasia are either clumpers or runners bulbs get! Spp. the dividing lines, most Colocasia are either clumpers or runners this the bulbs a! Moisture retention other types aquatilis may NOT be a good choice for small gardens as it produces very long runners. Do the research a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida other! While a few varieties may put a root or two over the winter lift! And grow 4 to 5 feet long information for the distribution of plants in the aroid family with large leaves... Instances, but there is one tried-and-true way to tell the difference caladium - white Queen and containers you.... Red, pink, white, even orange annual beds and containers, possibly refusing to sprout at if...

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